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WHAT IS A CITIZENSHIP ?

A citizen is a native or naturalized person owing allegiance to, and entitled to protection from a government and to exercise civil rights.

A citizenship is the status of a citizen, with its rights and duties.

The main legislation governing the Malaysian citizenship is the Citizenship Rules 1964.

WHO IS A CITIZEN OF MALAYSIA ?

By operation of law,

  • every person born before Malaysia Day who is a citizen of the Malaysia by virtue of these provisions
    1. every person who immediately before Merdeka Day, was a citizen of Malaysia by virtue of any of the provisions of the Federation of Malaya Agreement, 1948, whether by operation of law or otherwise
    2. every person born within Malaysia on or after Merdeka Day and before October, 1962
    3. every person born within Malaysia after September 1962, of whose parents one at least was at the time of the birth either a citizen or permanently resident in Malaysia, or who was not born a citizen of any other country
    4. every person born outside Malaysia on or after Merdeka Day whose father was a citizen at the time of his birth and either was born in Malaysia or was at the time of the birth in service under the Government of Malaysia or of a State
    5. every person born outside Malaysia on or after Merdeka Day whose father was a citizen at the time of the birth if the birth was, or is, within 1 year of its occurrence or within such longer period as in any particular case was or is allowed by the Malaysian Government, registered at a consulate of Malaysia or, if it occurred in Singapore, Sarawak, Brunei or North Borneo, registered with the Federal Government
  • every person born on or after Malaysia Day, and having any of the qualifications specified below
    1. every person born within Malaysia of whose parents one at least is at the time of the birth either a citizen or permanently resident in Malaysia and
    2. every person born outside the Malaysia whose father is at the time of the birth a citizen and either was born in Malaysia or is at the time of the birth in the service of the Federation or of a State and
    3. every person born outside Malaysia whose father is at the time of the birth a citizen and whose birth is, within 1 year of its occurrence or within such longer period as the Malaysian Government may in any particular case allow, registered at a consulate of Malaysia or, if it occurs in Brunei or in a territory prescribed for this purpose by order of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, registered with the Malaysian Government and
    4. every person born in Singapore of whose parents one at least is at the time of the birth a citizen and who is not born citizen otherwise than by virtue of this paragraph and
    5. every person born within Malaysian who is not born a citizen of any country otherwise than by virtue of this paragraph




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